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The time taken to agree, ratify and bring into force EU FTAs

EU FTAs – background detail

On average, EU free trade deals with third countries take 4 years and 2 months to negotiate, and a further 2 years and 4 months to come into force.

Deal

Type of deal

Negotiations start

Signed

Entry into force

Total time from negotiations starting and being signed

Being signed - in to force

Total: start – in to force

Albania

Stabilisation and Association Agreement

01/2003[i]

06/2006[ii]

04/2009[iii]

3 years, 5 months

2 years, 10 months

6 years, 3 months

Andorra

Customs union

06/1985[iv]

06/1990[v]

01/1991[vi]

5 years

7 months

5 years, 7 months

Algeria

Association Agreement

06/1996[vii]

04/2002[viii]

09/2005[ix]

5 years, 10 months

3 years, 5 months

9 years, 3 months

Bosnia Herzegovina

Stabilisation and Association Agreement

10/2005[x]

06/2008[xi]

06/2015[xii]

2 years, 8 months

7 years

9 years, 8 months

Cameroon

Interim Partnership Agreement

06/2002[xiii]

12/2007[xiv]

11/2008[xv]

5 years, 6 months

11 months

6 years, 5 months

CARIFORUM

Economic Partnership Agreement

04/2004[xvi]

10/2008[xvii]

01/2009[xviii]

4 years, 6 months

3 months

4 years, 9 months

Central America

Association Agreement

06/2007[xix]

06/2012[xx]

08/2013[xxi]

5 years

1 year, 2 months

6 years, 2 months

Chile

Association Agreement

04/2000[xxii]

06/2002[xxiii]

02/2003[xxiv]

2 years, 2 months

8 months

2 years, 10 months

Colombia

Free Trade Agreement

07/2007[xxv]

06/2012[xxvi]

08/2013[xxvii]

4 years, 11 months

1 year, 2 months

6 years, 1 month

Egypt

Association Agreement

01/1995[xxviii]

06/2001[xxix]

06/2004[xxx]

6 years, 5 months

3 years

9 years, 5 months

Fiji

Interim Partnership Agreement

06/2002[xxxi]

01/2007[xxxii]

07/2014[xxxiii]

4 years, 7 months

7 years, 6 months

12 years, 1 month

Georgia

Association Agreement

07/2010[xxxiv]

06/2014[xxxv]

09/2014[xxxvi]

3 years, 11 months

3 months

4 years, 2 months

Iraq

Partnership and Cooperation Agreement

11/2006[xxxvii]

05/2012[xxxviii]

08/2012[xxxix]

5 years, 6 months

3 months

5 years, 9 months

Israel

Association Agreement

06/1992[xl]

11/1995[xli]

06/2000[xlii]

3 years, 5 months

4 years, 7 months

8 years

Jordan

Association Agreement

07/1995[xliii]

11/1997[xliv]

05/2002[xlv]

2 years, 4 months

4 years, 6 months

6 years, 10 months

Lebanon

Association Agreement

06/1995[xlvi]

06/2002[xlvii]

04/2006[xlviii]

7 years

3 years, 10 months

10 years, 10 months

Macedonia

Stabilisation and Association Agreement

06/1999[xlix]

04/2001[l]

04/2004[li]

1 year, 10 months

3 years

4 years, 10 months

Madagascar

Interim Economic Partnership

06/2002[lii]

08/2009[liii]

01/2013[liv]

7 years, 2 months

3 years, 5 months

10 years, 7 months

Mauritius

Interim Economic Partnership

06/2002[lv]

08/2009[lvi]

01/2013[lvii]

7 years, 2 months

3 years, 5 months

10 years, 7 months

Mexico

Free Trade Agreement

05/1996[lviii]

03/2000[lix]

07/2000[lx]

3 years, 10 months

4 months

4 years, 2 months

Moldova

Association Agreement

01/2010[lxi]

06/2014[lxii]

09/2014[lxiii]

4 years, 5 months

3 months

4 years, 8 months

Montenegro

Stabilisation and Association Agreement

07/2006[lxiv]

10/2007[lxv]

05/2010[lxvi]

1 year, 3 months

2 years, 7 months

3 years, 10 months

Morocco

Association Agreement

06/1994[lxvii]

02/1996[lxviii]

03/2000[lxix]

1 year, 8 months

4 years, 1 month

5 years, 9 months

Palestine

Association Agreement

05/1996[lxx]

02/1997[lxxi]

07/1997[lxxii]

9 months

5 months

1 year, 2 months

Papua New Guinea

Interim Partnership Agreement

06/2002[lxxiii]

01/2007[lxxiv]

05/2011[lxxv]

4 years, 7 months

4 years, 4 months

8 years, 11 months

Peru

Free Trade Agreement

07/2007[lxxvi]

06/2012[lxxvii]

03/2013[lxxviii]

4 years, 11 months

9 months

5 years, 8 months

San Marino

Customs union

12/1990[lxxix]

12/1991[lxxx]

12/1992[lxxxi]

1 year

1 year

2 years

Serbia

Stabilisation and Association Agreement

10/2005[lxxxii]

04/2008[lxxxiii]

02/2010[lxxxiv]

2 years, 6 months

1 year, 10 months

4 years, 4 months

Seychelles

Interim Economic Partnership

06/2002[lxxxv]

08/2009[lxxxvi]

01/2013[lxxxvii]

7 years, 2 months

3 years, 5 months

10 years, 7 months

South Africa

Trade, Development and Cooperation Agreement

06/1996[lxxxviii]

10/1999[lxxxix]

05/2004[xc]

3 years, 4 months

4 years, 7 months

7 years, 11 months

South Korea

Free Trade Agreement

04/2007[xci]

10/2010[xcii]

07/2011[xciii]

3 years, 6 months

9 months

4 years, 3 months

Syria

Cooperation Agreement

04/1974[xciv]

07/1977[xcv]

11/1978[xcvi]

3 years, 3 months

1 year, 4 months

4 years, 7 months

Tunisia

Association Agreement

12/1994[xcvii]

07/1995[xcviii]

12/1997[xcix]

7 months

2 years, 5 months

3 years

Turkey

Customs union

11/1993[c]

12/1995[ci]

12/1995[cii]

2 years, 1 month

Same month

2 years, 1 month

Ukraine

Association Agreement

03/2008[ciii]

03/2014[civ]

11/2014[cv]

6 years

8 months

6 years, 8 months

Zimbabwe

Interim Economic Partnership

06/2002[cvi]

08/2009[cvii]

01/2013[cviii]

7 years, 2 months

3 years, 5 months

10 years, 7 months

Canada

Free Trade Agreement

05/2009[cix]

10/2016[cx]

 

7 years, 5 months

 

 

Average

4 years, 2 months

2 years, 4 months

6 years, 5 months

Total

153 years, 9 months

83 years, 4 months

237 years, 8 months

 

 


 

Promoted by James McGrory on behalf of Open Britain Ltd, both of Tenter House, 45 Moorfields, London, EC2Y 9AE.